Hongfa has 80 AAC plant (Autoclaved aerated concrete) for domestic and abroad market. Main raw materials of AAC are siliceous material (sand, fly ash and Silicon tailings) and Calcium materials (lime and cement) mixed with foaming agent (aluminum powder). It is the product of light porous silicate through the following processes: batching, mixing, pouring, hardening, cutting, autoclaving and curing etc. Because of large amount of well-distributed tiny pores after foaming, it is named autoclaved aerated concrete.

Project Proposal of AAC block plant, the annual output ranges from 50,000 to 300,000m³.

AAC block history and features

  • Autoclaved Aerated Concrete block is one kind of environmental block.
  • In fact AAC was perfected in the mid-1920s by the Swedish architect and inventor Dr. Johan Axel Eriksson, working with Professor Henrik Kreuger at the Royal Institute of Technology.
  • Since it went into production in Sweden in 1929 in a factory in Hallabrottet and quickly became very popular.
  • In the 1940s, the trademark Ytong was introduced, and was also often referred to as "blue concrete" in Sweden due to its blueish tinge.
  • It used siliceous (fly ash, sand, slag) and calcareous (lime & cement) as the main raw materials, which through the process of batching, pouring, pre-curing, cutting, autoclaving, separating and packing to make into the final products.
  • AAC block can be made into many kinds of bricks(for example:600×200×100,80×80×180,240×115×53,600×200×125),they could be used industry building and common building. AAC Block is the most mature technology of production and application in the worldwide nowadays.
  • The product has light weight, high compressive strength, excellent thermal insulation, great acoustic insulation and high fire resistance.
  • AAC has a large variety of sizes, and it is easy for nailing and milling like wood. So it is perfectly workable product.
  • Raw materials include cement, lime, fly ash, gangue, river sand and aluminium powder etc. Production through batching, mixing, casting, cutting and autoclaving.

AAC Classification

In general, it can be classified according to the types of raw materials, manufacture process and functions.
Based on the shape of AAC products, it can be divided into AAC block and AAC panel. It is a revolutionary material offering anunique combination of high durability and strength, low weight, excellent heat insulation, fire resistant, noise absorption, unprecedented build ability and superior ecological green features. In China, AAC is one of the light wall materials which was popularized and applied at the earliest and the most widely.

Main Technical Specifications of AAC Block and AAC Plant

Annual Capacity (300 days)PowerDaily CapacityCycle TimeNo. of Autoclaves
50,000m3/year400 KW166 m3/day10 hours2
100,000m3/year500 KW333 m3/day10 hours4
150,000m3/year630 KW500 m3/day10 hours6
200,000m3/year720 KW666 m3/day10 hours8
300,000m3/year 900KW1000 m3/day10 hours10

Main Technical Specifications of AAC block

Volume density level
B06
B05
B04
desiccated density(kg/m³)
≤625
≤525
≤425
Strength level
A5.0
A3.5
A2.0
Drying shrinkage date
0.5
0.4
0.4
Freezing resistance
quality loss %
≤5.0
≤4.0
≤3.0
Strength after freezing(Mpa)
≥4.0
≥2.8
≥0.6
Dry coefficient of thermal conductivity [W/(m•k)]
≤0.16
≤0.14
≤0.12

Working process

Raw Material Mealing

Put the fly ash or sand into the ball mill to mill via the conveyor belt, after milling, put the slurry into the slurry storage tank by a slurry pump.

Batching, Mixing, and Pouring Process

Lime and cement will be conveyed to the dry powder measure scale to scale separately. Then power and slurry go to mixer and pour into mold.

Aerated Autoclaved Process

Finished cutting using semi-product crane carry to the front of autoclave grouped, hoisting machine or dragger will drag steam trolley into the autoclave to steam, it needs 6-10 hours.

Finished Block Dealing Process

After 6-10 hours, finished products come out of the autoclave, with a separating machine to separate blocks layer by layer. The rate of the finished product can be controlled by more than 99%.

Weighing System

The weighing system includes power material weighing, slurry material weighing, aluminum powder weighing, etc.

Curing Process

After the slurry pouring into the mold put the mold box into the curing room at 50~70℃. Curing for 2-3 hours, the blocks will be ready for cutting.

Cutting Process

Using a reversal crane carry the mold and block to demould on the cutting machine. The cutting machine will take the block to the level cutting machine, vertical cutting, two sides cutting, and remove waste material.

Packing Process

Using a finished block carry hanger clamp the finished product to packaging line on wooden pallets, after package, then by forklift transport the finished products to piled yard according to specifications to stack.

AAC panels with steel mesh cages or steel mesh sheets treated with anti-rust coating in the production of autoclaved aerated concrete blocks are available, max. length is 6m. Please contact us for a customized proposal.

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